Biomedical Engineering is the new paper introduced for GATE 2020. The subject code of this paper is BE. As it is introduced recently by IIT Delhi, we can expect huge number of applicants for this paper. The syllabus for this paper is released and is now available at the GATE 2020 official website i.e., gate.iitd.ac.in in the PDF form. Candidates can check out the GATE 2020 Biomedical Engineering Syllabus given below.
GATE Syllabus for Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical syllabus for GATE 2020 PDF contains total 10 sections or topics and they are as follows. Engineering Mathematics, Electrical Circuits, Signals and Systems, Analog and Digital Electronics, Measurements and Control Systems, Sensors and Bioinstrumentation, Human Anatomy and Physiology, Biomechanics, Medical Imaging Systems and Biomaterials.
There are various subtopics in the GATE 2020 syllabus for biomedical engineering which you can check out from the below given table. As this paper is new, candidates should definitely have knowledge on the syllabus which helps in getting a view of all the topics that the candidates have to prepare for the exam.
|1.||Engineering Mathematics||Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, rnethod of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations: variable separable method.
Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals.
Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions: norrnal, Poisson and binomial distributions. Tests of Significance, statistical power analysis, and sample size estimation. Regression and correlation analysis.
Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, iterative methods for so lv ing differential equations, numerical inte grati on.
|2.||Electrical Circuits:||Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation.
Kirchoffs laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems.
Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admiffance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams,realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements.
|3.||Signals and Systems||Continuous and Discrete Signal and Systems: Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Sampling theorem; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.|
|4.||Analog and Digital Electronics||Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer.
Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer. Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, microprocessor and microcontroller: applications, memory and input-output interfacing; elements of data acquisition systems.
|5.||Measurements and Control Systems||SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors. PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter. Basics of control engineering – modeling system: transfer function and state-space model, stability analysis: time domain and frequency domain analysis.|
|6.||Sensors and Bioinstrumentation||Types of Instruments: Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall Effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; Optical sources and detectors: LED, Photo-diode, p-i-n and avalanche photo diode (APD), light dependent resistor and their characteristics; basics of magnetic sensing; Interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing. Basics of LASERs.
Origin, nature, and types of Biosignals, Principles of sensing physiological parameters, types of transducers and their characteristics, Electrodes for bioelectric signals, Bioelectric signals and their characteristics. Biopotential Amplifiers, Noise and artefacts and their management, Electrical Isolation (optical and electrical) and Safety of Biomedical Instruments. Generation, Acquisition, and signal conditioning and analysis of of biosignals: ECG,EMG, EEG, EOG, Blood ERG, PCG, GSR. Principles of measuring blood pressure, Core temperature, volume & flow in arteries, veins and tissues – Lung volumes, respiration and cardiac rate.
|7.||Human Anatomy and Physiology||Basic elements of human body – muscloskeletal system, respiratory system, circulatory system, excretory system, endocrine system, nervous system, digestive, nervous, immune, integumentary, and reproductive systems, Basics of cell and molecular biology.|
|8.||Biomechanics||Engineering Mechanics: Free-body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion; impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations, collisions.
Hard Tissues: Definition of Stress and Strain; Deformation Mechanics. Bone structure & composition mechanical properties of bone, cortical and cancellous bones, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models – anisotropy, Fatigue Analysis,
Soft Tissues: Structure, functions, material properties and modeling of Soft Tissues: Cartilage, Tendon, Ligament, Muscle – Hodgkin-Huxley Model.
Human Joints and Movements: Skeletal joints, forces and stresses in human joints, types of joint, biomechanical analysis joints, parameterization and analysis in Gait.
Biofluid mechanics: Flow properties of blood, Dynamics of fluid flow in the intact human cardiovascular system – modeling and experimental approaches, Pulse wave velocities in arteries, Measurement/Estimation of In-vivo elasticity of blood vessels.
|9.||Medical Imaging Systems||Basic physics and Instrumentation of medical images in X-Ray, Ultrasound, CT, MRI, PET, FMRI, SPECT, and their characteristics|
|10.||Biomaterials||Basic properties of biomaterials, biocompatibility, bioactivity, biodegradable materials, Fundamentals of implants and medical devices, drug delivery carriers, scaffolds for tissue engineering.|
|11.||General Aptitude||Syllabus Link|
Candidates going to appear in the BE paper should also check out the GATE General Aptitude Syllabus 2020 as there is a separate section for this topic in GATE BE paper 2020. A total of 10 number of questions will be given from various topics of the GA which is good scoring section for the students. So, give importance to this topic along with the GATE Syllabus for Biomedical Engineering.
The GATE 2020 syllabus for BE is based on the topics studied at their graduation level and so it will be easy for the candidates having good knowledge on the subject to score good marks. Some GATE reference books also help candidates to gain good knowledge over the subject and helps score well in the GATE examination. As it is an online exam, candidates are advised to practice mock tests that will be available in the official website soon. This increases the speed and accuracy of answering the questions in the entrance test.
Hope the information provided here on GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus 2020 given here is helpful. Do bookmark this site for more updates on entrance and board examinations.